Yesterday was the end of the third Surah Al Imran. Today begins the fourth chapter of the Quran: An Nisaa, or The Women. It tells the Believers to be just in dealing with women, orphans, and the laws of inheritance. This Surah, which contains 177 verses, was revealed in Medina. Next to Surah Al-Baqarah, it is the longest Surah of the Qur’an from the point of the number of words and letters.
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
1. O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord, who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, his mate, and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women;—fear Allah, through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights), and be heedful of the wombs ( that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.
2. To orphans restore their property ( when they reach their age), nor substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by mixing it up) with your own. For this is indeed a great sin.
3. If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans, Marry women of your choice, Two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one, or (a captive) that your right hands possess, that will be more suitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.
4. And give the women (on marriage) their dower as an obligation; but if they, of their own good pleasure, remit any part of it to you, Take it and enjoy it with right good cheer.
5. To those weak of understanding give not your property, which Allah hath made a means of support for you, but feed and clothe them therewith, and speak to them words of kindness and justice.
6. Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye find sound judgment in them, release their property to them; but consume it not wastefully, nor in haste against their growing up. If the guardian is well-off, let him claim no remuneration, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable. When ye release their property to them, take witnesses in their presence: but all-sufficient is Allah in taking account.
7. From what is left by parents and those nearest related there is a share for men and a share for women, whether the property be small or large,— a determinate share.
8. But if at the time of division other relatives, or orphans or poor, are present, feed them out of the (property), and speak to them words of kindness and justice.
9. Let those (disposing of an estate) have the same fear in their minds as they would have for their own if they had left a helpless family behind: let them fear Allah, and speak appropriate words.
10. Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans, eat up a Fire into their own bodies: They will soon be enduring a Blazing Fire!
Translation: Abdullah Yusuf