Day Forty Seven (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 91 – 100

You’ll find other (hypocrites) who want to gain your confidence and the confidence of their own people. However, every time they’re tempted (by their twisted desires), they fall into them. If they neither leave you (to openly join your enemy) nor give you any peace (while remaining among you), other than merely not (attacking you at the moment), then you may capture them and kill them wherever you encounter them. In their case, We’ve given you clear permission (to fight) against them. [91]

A believer should never kill another believer, though if it happens by mistake, (then a penalty must still be paid). If someone kills a believer (accidentally), then he must free a believing servant and pay monetary damages to the family of the deceased, unless they decline it freely. If the deceased belonged to a community that is hostile to you and he was a believer, the freeing of a believing servant (is enough). If he belonged to a community with which you have a treaty, then again monetary-damages must be paid to his family, and a believing servant must be freed. If someone cannot procure (a servant to free because of a financial hardship or some other reason), then a fast of two consecutive months must be observed by him, and this is a concession from Allah, for Allah has all knowledge and wisdom. [92]

If someone kills a believer on purpose, then his reward is in Hellfire, and that’s where he’s going to stay! The wrath and curse of Allah will be upon him, and a harsh punishment will be prepared for him. [93]

All you who believe! When you go abroad (to fight) in the cause of Allah, check carefully (before taking action against those whom you meet on the battlefield, and about whose intentions you’re uncertain). Don’t say to an (enemy soldier) who (seems to pause) to offer you the greetings of peace, “You aren’t a believer,” (wanting to kill him) in your greed for the temporary riches of this life. There’s plenty of profits and prizes with Allah. You used to (kill for profit) like that before (accepting Islam), until Allah placed His favor upon you. So check carefully (whom it is you’re confronting), for Allah is aware of everything you do. [94]

The believers who sit (at home) without a valid excuse and who never get hurt are not equal to those who struggle in the cause of Allah with their money and their persons. Allah has granted a higher grade to those who struggle and use their money and their persons over those who sit (at home). Allah has promised good to both, but those who struggle are distinguished by Him with a valuable reward above those who remain (at home). [95]

That’s a special designation given especially by Him, along with His forgiveness and mercy, for Allah is forgiving and merciful. [96]

When the angels take the souls of those who died while in a state of injustice against their own selves (through their constant mingling with the hostile among the faithless), they’re going to ask (the sinful souls), “What was your situation in the world?” They’ll answer by saying, “We were weak and oppressed in the land, (and that’s why we never left the enemy’s territory.)” The (angels will answer them,) saying, “Wasn’t Allah’s earth big enough for you to move yourselves away (to some place safer)?” They’re the ones who will find their resting place in Hellfire, and oh what an evil destination it is! [97]

However, those who were (truly) weak and oppressed, the men, women and children who had neither the means nor the ability (to flee) nor (who found a leader) to direct their way [98] (are not to blame), for Allah shall forgive them, for Allah pardons and forgives. [99]

Whoever forsakes his home in the cause of Allah can find in the world many safe hideouts, for it’s a wide and spacious place. If he dies as a refugee far away from home for (the sake) of Allah and His Messenger, his reward is due with Allah, and Allah is forgiving and merciful. [100]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

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