Tag Archives: Allah

Eid al Adha

Today is Eid al Adha. Wishing my Muslim Readers a very happy Eid.

We came to Dallas yesterday to celebrate Eid with Nola, (daughter) and family. IB (grandson) came with us. Eid al Adha is celebrated at the end of Haj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

Ibrahim, known as Abraham in the Christian and Jewish traditions, was commanded by God to sacrifice his elder son. He obeyed and took Ishmael (Ismail or Ismael) to Mount Moriah. Just as he was to sacrifice his son, an angel stopped him and gave him a ram to sacrifice in place of his son. Some people dispute that the son of sacrifice was Isaac (Isḥāq). However by looking at the chain of events detailed in Quran: Surah 37, Versus 100 to 113 it is clear that Isaac was younger than Ishmael. Abraham receives the good news of Isaac soon after he almost sacrifices Ishmael.

Surah As Saffat (Chapter 37), Ayats (Verses) 100 – 113.

(In later years, Abraham prayed,) “My Lord! Grant me a righteous son!” * Then We gave him the good news of a resolute boy. * At length, when (the boy) was old enough to work alongside of him, (Abraham said), “My son! I saw in a dream that I offered you as a sacrifice. What do you see in that?” (The boy) answered, “My father! Do what you’ve been ordered to do. You’ll find that, by God’s will, I’ll be patient.” [100-102] When they both resolved to submit (to the ritual, Abraham) laid his (son bound) and prostrate on his forehead. * (However, just as he was about to sacrifice him), We called out to him, saying, “Abraham! * You’ve already fulfilled the dream!” That’s how We reward the good, * and this was clearly a difficult trial. * Then We substituted in his (son’s) place the substantial sacrifice (of a ram). [103-107] We left his (story) among the generations that followed after him, * so, “Peace be upon Abraham!” * That’s how We reward the good, * for he was one of our faithful servants. [108-111] We also gave him the good news about Isaac, that he would (one day) become a righteous prophet. * We blessed both him and Isaac, and while some of their descendants (remained on the right path and were) good, (others, however), were unjust to the detriment of their own souls. [112-113] Translation: Yahiya Emerick.

IB at the mosque today. Social distancing is followed there too.

Day Forty Nine (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 111 — 120

If anyone earns a sin, he earns it against his own soul. Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom. [111]

If anyone earns a fault or a sin and then blames it on someone else who is innocent, he will carry (upon himself both) the lie and an obvious sin. [112]

If it wasn’t for Allah’s favor and mercy towards you, a group of (the hypocrites) would’ve certainly schemed to lead you astray, but they’ve only succeeded in leading their own souls astray. They’re incapable of causing you any real harm, for Allah has sent down the Book to you and (the standard of prophetic) wisdom, and He taught you) what you didn’t know (before). Allah’s favor is powerfully inclined towards you. [113]

In most of their secret discussions there’s nothing good (being said or planned). However, if someone is encouraging a charitable deed, (planning) an exemplary (act that will help many) or (devising ways to) make peace between people, (then being secretive is allowed). Whoever engages (in secret discussions) for these (ends), while looking only for the pleasure of Allah, soon shall We give him a valuable reward. [114]

If anyone works against the Messenger, even after guidance has been clearly conveyed to him, and follows a path other than that of a believer, We’ll leave him on the path he’s chosen and then lead him into Hellfire – what a terrible destination! [115]

Allah doesn’t forgive (the sin of) making others equal with Him, but He forgives any other sins besides this for whomever He wants. Whoever makes others equal with Allah has made a huge mistake and gone far off into error. [116]

They (the idol-worshippers) call upon goddesses (for favors) in place of Him, but they’re really calling upon a relentless devil! [117]

Allah had cursed Satan, but he (was defiant and challenged Allah), saying, “I will ensnare a certain number of Your servants. [118]

I’ll mislead them and urge them (to sin). I’ll order them to slit the ears of cattle (for the sake of mindless superstition) and to disfigure what Allah created.” Whoever takes Satan for a protector in place of Allah is clearly lost in bewilderment! [119]

Satan makes them promises and urges them (to commit sins), but Satan’s promises are nothing more than deception. [120]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Background on verse 115:

The brother of a man named Maqees ibn Dubabah was killed in the countryside in a district known as an-Najjar, and Maqees went to the Prophet seeking justice. The Prophet sent him along with a representative to the tribe of Fihr to ask them to produce the murderer, so he could be brought to justice. The tribal elders said they didn’t know who killed Maqees’s brother, but they would pay the penalty or blood-money to him to compensate him for his loss. Maqees was given one hundred camels. As he was riding back with them towards Medina, he thought that it wouldn’t look honorable in the eyes of the Arabs to accept the blood-money and that someone had to die for the killing of his brother. He looked at the Prophet’s representative who was riding with him and concluded that since he was also a man of the Fihr tribe, he could revenge himself upon him. So, he beat the man to death with a rock and took his camels to Mecca where he renounced Islam and boasted of his exploits to the approving idol-worshippers. Some years later, when the Muslims compelled the bloodless surrender of Mecca, Maqees was found, arrested and executed for the brazen murder. This verse references that man and his actions.

Footnote to verse 119

Arab superstitions caused them to follow a great many odd, and even macabre customs. Slitting the ears of cattle to mark their sacred status was just one of them.

This custom has echoes today in the modern world where slitting a portion of cow’s ears, and tagging them is used as a way to identify them. The term earmarked is derived from this practice.

Verse 119: Disfigure

This refers to the practice of castration, and people tattooing their bodies. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) forbade people from doing both practices.

Getting a tattoo was a common pre Islamic custom. A tattoo defaces the physical appearance with which Allah has graced a person. Having a tattoo means the appearance Allah give is not good enough, and must be masked over.

Those who had them were not sanctioned for it upon conversion to Islam, as conversion caused a person’s record of deeds to be wiped clean.

Day Forty Eight (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 101— 110

When you travel through the open countryside, it isn’t wrong if you shorten your prayers out of the fear that the faithless might ambush you, for those who cover over (their ability to have faith) are clearly your enemies. [101]

When you’re with (other Muslims on a journey), and you stand up to lead them in prayer, assign one group of the (believers) to stand (for prayer) with you, taking their weapons with them, (while the others stand guard). When they finish their prostrations, let them set up (their guard-positions) in the rear, and let the other group which didn’t pray yet come forward and pray with you – taking all precautions and holding their weapons. The faithless would eagerly attack you in a single rush, if they (saw that) you were without your weapons or away from your gear. It isn’t wrong, however, if you pack your weapons away when it’s raining or if you’re too ill to carry them, but even still take every precaution for yourselves. Truly, Allah has prepared a humiliating punishment for those who suppress (their awareness of the truth). [102]

When you’ve concluded the prayer, remember Allah while standing, sitting or lying down on your sides, and when you’re free from danger, perform the prayer-ritual (in the normal way), for prayers are a duty upon the faithful at set times. [103]

Don’t hesitate in pursuing the enemy. If you’re suffering from hardship, (know that) they’re suffering similar hardships, too. (Remember that) you have hope in Allah, while they have hope in nothing. Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom. [104]

We sent the Book down to you in all truth, so you can judge between people as directed by Allah. Therefore, don’t let yourself be (used) as an advocate by traitors. [105]

Rather, seek the forgiveness of Allah, for Allah is forgiving and merciful. [106]

Offer no defense on behalf of those who’ve betrayed their own souls, for truly Allah has no love for underhanded sinners. [107]

They may hide (their intentions) from other people, but they can’t hide (them) from Allah, for He’s in their midst when they plot in the night – using the kinds (of vile) words that He detests! Allah surrounds them in everything they do! [108]

They’re the kind of people on whose behalf you may offer a defense in this world, but who is going to defend them against Allah on the Day of Assembly, and who will take care of things for them then? [109]

If anyone commits an offense or otherwise wrongs his own soul, but then later seeks Allah’s forgiveness, he will find Allah to be forgiving and merciful. [110]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Background on verses 101-104: The Prophet led a group of Muslims on patrol near a place named Asafan. The time for the early afternoon prayer arrived, and the Muslims were praying in congregation when a party of Meccan raiders (led by Khalid ibn Waleed) appeared in the distance. One of the pagans counseled that this was the best time to attack the Muslims, while another suggested that there was a second prayer (the late afternoon) in which the Muslims took even more interest, and the man suggested that that would be a better time to strike. While the idol-worshippers were debating when to strike, the Prophet concluded the group prayer and recited this newly revealed passage, explaining what the idol-worshippers were plotting. When the next prayer time came, the Prophet ordered his men to pray while holding their weapons, and the two rows of men alternated standing and bowing, so there would always be one line able to respond to the enemy if need be.

Day Forty Seven (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 91 – 100

You’ll find other (hypocrites) who want to gain your confidence and the confidence of their own people. However, every time they’re tempted (by their twisted desires), they fall into them. If they neither leave you (to openly join your enemy) nor give you any peace (while remaining among you), other than merely not (attacking you at the moment), then you may capture them and kill them wherever you encounter them. In their case, We’ve given you clear permission (to fight) against them. [91]

A believer should never kill another believer, though if it happens by mistake, (then a penalty must still be paid). If someone kills a believer (accidentally), then he must free a believing servant and pay monetary damages to the family of the deceased, unless they decline it freely. If the deceased belonged to a community that is hostile to you and he was a believer, the freeing of a believing servant (is enough). If he belonged to a community with which you have a treaty, then again monetary-damages must be paid to his family, and a believing servant must be freed. If someone cannot procure (a servant to free because of a financial hardship or some other reason), then a fast of two consecutive months must be observed by him, and this is a concession from Allah, for Allah has all knowledge and wisdom. [92]

If someone kills a believer on purpose, then his reward is in Hellfire, and that’s where he’s going to stay! The wrath and curse of Allah will be upon him, and a harsh punishment will be prepared for him. [93]

All you who believe! When you go abroad (to fight) in the cause of Allah, check carefully (before taking action against those whom you meet on the battlefield, and about whose intentions you’re uncertain). Don’t say to an (enemy soldier) who (seems to pause) to offer you the greetings of peace, “You aren’t a believer,” (wanting to kill him) in your greed for the temporary riches of this life. There’s plenty of profits and prizes with Allah. You used to (kill for profit) like that before (accepting Islam), until Allah placed His favor upon you. So check carefully (whom it is you’re confronting), for Allah is aware of everything you do. [94]

The believers who sit (at home) without a valid excuse and who never get hurt are not equal to those who struggle in the cause of Allah with their money and their persons. Allah has granted a higher grade to those who struggle and use their money and their persons over those who sit (at home). Allah has promised good to both, but those who struggle are distinguished by Him with a valuable reward above those who remain (at home). [95]

That’s a special designation given especially by Him, along with His forgiveness and mercy, for Allah is forgiving and merciful. [96]

When the angels take the souls of those who died while in a state of injustice against their own selves (through their constant mingling with the hostile among the faithless), they’re going to ask (the sinful souls), “What was your situation in the world?” They’ll answer by saying, “We were weak and oppressed in the land, (and that’s why we never left the enemy’s territory.)” The (angels will answer them,) saying, “Wasn’t Allah’s earth big enough for you to move yourselves away (to some place safer)?” They’re the ones who will find their resting place in Hellfire, and oh what an evil destination it is! [97]

However, those who were (truly) weak and oppressed, the men, women and children who had neither the means nor the ability (to flee) nor (who found a leader) to direct their way [98] (are not to blame), for Allah shall forgive them, for Allah pardons and forgives. [99]

Whoever forsakes his home in the cause of Allah can find in the world many safe hideouts, for it’s a wide and spacious place. If he dies as a refugee far away from home for (the sake) of Allah and His Messenger, his reward is due with Allah, and Allah is forgiving and merciful. [100]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Day Forty Six (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 81 —- 90

They say, “We obey,” but when they leave you, a bunch of them brood through the night on the opposite of what you’ve taught them, though Allah is keeping a record of their nightly tirades, so steer clear of them. Place your reliance upon Allah, for Allah is enough to take care of things. [81]

Haven’t they considered the Qur’an with care? If it were from any other (source) besides Allah, then they would’ve found many matters of disagreement within it. [82]

Whenever the (hypocrites hear) rumors about safety or impending danger, they announce it publicly (without checking on it first). If they would only refer the matter to the Messenger or to the proper authorities among them, then investigators could check on the incidents with them. If it wasn’t for Allah’s grace and mercy towards you, all save for a few of you would’ve followed Satan. [83]

Fight in the cause of Allah, though you’re only responsible for your own self. Rally the believers. Allah will surely restrain the power of the faithless, for Allah is the strongest power and the strongest punisher. [84]

Whoever makes a recommendation in a good cause becomes a part of it. Whoever makes a recommendation in an evil cause shares responsibility in it. Allah has the power to direct all things. [85]

When someone gives you a greeting, reciprocate with a nicer greeting than that or one equally as nice, for Allah is keeping track of all things. [86]

Allah! There is no god but He. He’s going to gather you all together on the Day of Assembly, and there’s no doubt about that! Now whose word can be more honest than Allah’s? [87]

So what’s wrong with you that you’ve split into two groups (of opinion) about the hypocrites? Allah has thrown them by the wayside because of what they’ve earned. Do you want to try and guide one whom Allah has left astray? Whomever Allah leaves astray will never discover a way (out of darkness)! [88]

The (hypocrites) only want you to cover over (the truth of Allah in your hearts) like they’ve covered it over (in their hearts), for then you’ll be on the same level. So, don’t take best friends from among them until they migrate, for Allah’s sake, (to Medina). If they become rebels (and make war against you), then capture them or kill them (in battle) wherever you find them. Don’t take close allies or helpers from among them, [89] unless it’s with those who join a faction with which you have a treaty (of peace), or those who come to you with hearts that hold them back from fighting you – and fighting their own people! If Allah had wanted, He could’ve given them an advantage over you, and they would’ve fought you. If they stay back and don’t try to fight you and instead send you (offers) of peace, then Allah hasn’t given you any legitimate reason (to fight against them). [90]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Day Forty Five (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa. Ayats 71 — 80

All you who believe! Be cautious and only venture out (into dangerous places) either in groups or all together. [71] Indeed, there are some among you who try to lag behind (when you’re on the road). If misfortune befalls you, they say, “Allah was gracious to us by not keeping us among them to witness (their misfortune).” [72] However, if some good fortune befalls you from Allah, he’ll say, as if he didn’t know you closely, “Oh, how I wish I could’ve been there with them because I would’ve had a great time!” [73]

Let them fight in the cause of Allah, those who sell the life of this world for the life of the Hereafter. To the one who fights in the cause of Allah, whether he’s killed or achieves victory, We’re soon going to give him a great reward. [74] And why shouldn’t you fight in the cause of Allah and in the cause of those who, being weak, are mistreated: the men, women and children whose only cry is, “Our Lord! Deliver us from this land whose people are oppressors.

Send us someone from You who will protect us, and send us someone from You who will help!” (75) Those who have faith (in Allah) fight in the cause of Allah, while those who cover over (their ability to have faith) fight in the cause of falsehood, so fight against the allies of Satan, for truly Satan’s plan is weak. (76)

Haven’t you seen the people who were told to restrain their hands (from fighting) and who were counseled instead (to concentrate on) establishing prayer and giving in charity? When the order finally came for them to fight, a bunch of them became more scared of people than they were scared of Allah!

“Our Lord!” they cried out. “Why have You ordered us to fight? Won’t you postpone it for us, at least for a while longer?” Say to them, “The enjoyment of this world is indeed short.

The next life is better for the one who is mindful (of Allah). You won’t be wronged by as much as the string of a date seed! [77] Wherever you are, death will find you, even if you lodge yourselves in mighty towers!”

Whenever good fortune befalls them, they say, “This is from Allah,” but if they’re ever hit with misfortune they say, “This is all your fault, (Muhammad).” Say to them, “Every (outcome) is from Allah.”

So what is it with these people that they don’t understand a single phrase? [78] Any good that comes your way is from Allah, while any misfortune that befalls you is your own fault. We sent a messenger to people, and Allah is enough of a witness for that! [79] Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys Allah, while whoever turns away (from you, Muhammad,) well, We didn’t send you to be their caretaker. [80]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Background behind versus:

Background on verses 71-73: Due to the constant raiding and attacks of the pagans in the countryside, the Muslims were discouraged from moving about in the land alone. When the Prophet organized patrols or sent out skirmishers to clear an area of raiders, some men of Medina would go absent without leave or otherwise conveniently get “lost” to avoid any potentially dangerous situations. If the patrols were successful and drove off pagan raiders, capturing booty in the process, these laggards would lament their loss of material gains. That is the subject matter of this passage.

Background on verses 74-75: Even though the Muslims had migrated to the safe haven of Medina, Muslims were not allowed yet to defend themselves from the Meccans, who harassed, tortured and killed Muslims with impunity both within Mecca and in the countryside. This quoted supplication in verse 75 was what the Muslims were asking of Allah. This passage was then revealed, giving Muslims permission to defend themselves.

Background on verses 77-79: This passage was revealed with regards to several of Prophet Muhammad’s ( Peace be upon him) followers who were severely persecuted in the early days of the Meccan period. At that time they were begging Prophet Muhammad ( Peace be upon him) to let them fight back against the idol-worshippers who would daily assault them in the streets and vandalize their property. He always refused their request and counseled them to be patient and engage in more religious activity. After the Migration to Medina, the order finally came to fight the Meccans, and many of these same men became reluctant to go to war.

Day Forty Four (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 61 —- 70

When they’re told, “Come to what Allah has revealed, and come to the Messenger,” you can see how the hypocrites turn their faces away from you in disgust. [61] How will it be then when they’re trapped with misfortune on account of what their hands have prepared? Then they’ll come to you, swearing to Allah, saying, “We only meant the best and to (help people) reconcile.” [62] Allah knows what’s in the hearts of those who are like that, so steer clear of them. Yet, still speak words that will touch their souls. [63]

We only sent messengers so they could be obeyed according to the will of Allah. Now if they would’ve just come to you, (Muhammad), when they were being wrong to their own souls and asked for Allah’s forgiveness – and the Messenger had asked for their forgiveness, they would’ve found that Allah accepts repentance and is merciful. [64] But no, by your Lord, they have no faith unless and until they make you, (Muhammad), the judge between them in all their disagreements. They must not allow any resistance towards your decisions to appear in their souls, but rather they should accept (your decisions) with the greatest conviction. (65)

If We had ordered them to sacrifice their lives or to leave their homes (and migrate to a new land), very few of them would’ve done it. If they just would’ve done (the little) that they were asked to do, it would’ve been better for them, and their resolve would’ve been strengthened. [66] Then We would’ve given them a great reward from Our presence [67] and guided them towards a straight path. [68]

Whoever obeys Allah and the Messenger will be with those who have the favor of Allah upon them, (among whom are) the prophets, the true (in faith), the witnesses (who sacrificed their lives in Allah’s cause) and the righteous. What a beautiful fellowship! [69] This is the bounty of Allah, and it’s enough that Allah knows (about all things). [70]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Messengers are to be Obeyed Background on verses 64-65:

Two Muslims in Medina had a dispute over irrigation rights. The first man (Tha’laba) was a native of the city, while the second man (az-Zubayr) was a cousin of the Prophet who had immigrated from Mecca. The Prophet listened to both men and found in favor of Az-Zubayr. (The settlement essentially was a compromise that said that the men must take turns irrigating their fields.) Tha’laba became angry and accused the Prophet of merely siding with his cousin. That remark upset the Prophet, and he became saddened. This passage was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Footnote:

The true in Faith are those who worship Allah unseen, realizing that even if they don’t see Him, He sees them all. A man once asked Ali Ibn Abi Talib if he has seen Allah, he replied in the negative. The man declared that he can’t worship something he had never seen. Even though no one has seen Allah with eyes, yet their hearts have seen Him through the realities of Faith.

The anology we can’t see air, but we can see it’s effects through wind, and temperature changes. In the same way we can feel in our hearts the presence, and effects of Allah, even as we feel the effects of sinister forces which tug our hearts in different directions. If we recognize evil is real, we can recognize that goodness, and justice is real also.

Day Forty Three (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa. Ayats 51—-60

51. Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book? They believe in sorcery and Evil, and say to the Unbelievers that they are better guided in the (right) way Than the believers!

52. They are (men) whom Allah hath cursed: And those whom Allah Hath cursed, thou wilt find, have no one to help.

53. Have they a share in dominion or power? Behold, they give not a farthing to their fellow-men?

54. Or do they envy mankind for what Allah hath given them of his bounty? but We had already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom, and conferred upon them a great kingdom.

55. Some of them believed, and some of them averted their faces from him: And enough is Hell for a burning fire.

56. Those who reject our Signs, We shall soon cast into the Fire: as often as their skins are roasted through, We shall change them for fresh skins, that they may taste the penalty: for Allah is Exalted in Power, Wise.

57. But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness, We shall soon admit to Gardens, with rivers flowing beneath,—their eternal home: Therein shall they have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades, cool and ever deepening.

58. Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; And when ye judge between man and man, that ye judge with justice: Verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! For Allah is He Who heareth and seeth all things.

59. O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination.

60. Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who declare that they believe in the revelations that have come to thee and to those before thee? Their (real) wish is to resort together for judgment (in their disputes) to the Evil One, though they were ordered to reject him. But Satan’s wish is to lead them astray far away (from the right).

Translation: Abdullah Yusuf

Day Forty Two (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 41—50

41. How then if We brought from each people a witness, and We brought thee as a witness against these people!

42. On that day those who reject Faith and disobey the Messenger will wish that the earth were made one with them; but never will they hide a single fact from Allah.

43. O ye who believe! Approach not prayers with a mind befogged, until ye can understand all that ye say,—nor in a state of Janaba (ceremonial impurity), (except when travelling on the road, and not having enough water) until after washing your whole body. If ye are ill, or on a journey, or one of you cometh from offices of nature, or ye have been in contact with women, and ye find no water, then take for yourselves clean sand or earth, and rub therewith your faces and hands. For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again and again.

44. Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book? they traffic in error, and wish that ye should lose the right path.

45. But Allah hath full knowledge of your enemies: Allah is enough for a Protector, and Allah is enough for a Helper.

46. Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places, and say: “We hear and we disobey”; and “Here, may you not hear”; and “Ra’ina”; with a twist of their tongues and a slander to Faith. If only they had said: “We hear and we obey”; and “Do hear”; and “Do look at us”; it would have been better for them, and more proper; but Allah hath cursed them for their Unbelief; and but few of them will believe.

47. O ye People of the Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed, confirming what was (already) with you, before We change the face and fame of some (of you) beyond all recognition, and turn them hindwards, or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers, for the decision of Allah Must be carried out.

48. Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.

49. Hast thou not turned thy thought to those who claim sanctity for themselves? Nay-but Allah Doth sanctify whom He pleaseth. But never will they fail to receive justice in the least little thing.

50. Behold! how they invent a lie against Allah! But that by itself is a manifest sin!

Translation: Abdullah Yusuf

See Wikipedia for Janaba translation.

Day Forty One (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 31—40

31. If ye (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which ye are forbidden to do, We shall remit your evil deeds, and admit you to a gate of great honour.

32. And in no wise covet those things in which Allah Hath bestowed His gifts more freely on some of you than on others: to men is allotted what they earn, and to women what they earn: but ask Allah of His bounty. For Allah hath full knowledge of all things.

33. To (benefit) every one, We have appointed shares and heirs to property left by parents and relatives. To those, also, to whom your right hand was pledged, give their due portion. For truly Allah is witness to all things.

34. Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other, and because they support them from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient, and guard in (the husband’s) absence what Allah would have them guard. As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct, admonish them (first), (next) refuse to share their beds, (And last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of annoyance): For Allah is Most High, Great (above you all).

35. If ye fear a breach between them twain, appoint (two) arbiters, one from his family, and the other from hers; if they wish for peace, Allah will cause their reconciliation: For Allah hath full knowledge, and is acquainted with all things.

36. Serve Allah, and join not any partners with Him; and do good- to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbours who are near, neighbours who are strangers, the companion by your side, the wayfarer (ye meet), and what your right hands possess: For Allah loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious;—

37. (Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide the bounties which Allah hath bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt;—

38. Not those who spend of their substance, to be seen of men, but have no faith in Allah and the Last Day: If any take the Evil One for their intimate, what a dreadful intimate he is!

39. And what burden were it on them if they had faith in Allah and in the Last Day, and they spent out of what Allah hath given them for sustenance? For Allah hath full knowledge of them.

40. Allah is never unjust in the least degree: If there is any good (done), He doubleth it, and giveth from His own presence a great reward.

Translation: Abdullah Yusuf