Tag Archives: hypocrites

Day Sixty One (A Journey with Quran)

I don’t really know the Arabic language, except for repetitive words, duas, prayers, or those Surahs (I have learnt by heart). Like those people who read the Quran with translation, and whose mother language is not Arabic, I daily read my copy of the Quran in Urdu language, though my mother tongue is Pushto.

A reader pointed out that that I’m not giving my own words (or thoughts) on the translation. Whereas the translation is explicit, what can I write beside it. The name of the translator is always at the end of the ten verses I copy.

My aim was (and is) to bring the Message of the Quran to those who have not read it. After all it’s addressed to all the people of the world.

Surah Al Maidah continues: Ayats 51–60.

All you who believe! Don’t take Jews and Christians as your closest allies, for they’re only the close allies of each other. Whoever among you turns to them (for alliances, in place of a believer,) is one of them, for Allah doesn’t guide corrupt people. [51]

Do you see those who have a sickness in their hearts? They run eagerly to them after exclaiming, “We’re afraid that changing times might bring disaster down upon us!” Allah will grant a victory or a decisive result, as He wills, and then they’ll be sorry for what they’ve been hiding within themselves. [52]

Then the believers will be the ones to say, “Are these (hypocrites) the same ones who swore their strongest oaths by Allah that they were on your side?” Whatever they do is of no use, and they’re going to be the ones who will lose. [53]

All you who believe! Whoever among you falls away (from following) his (Islamic) way of life should know that Allah will soon produce a people whom He will love – and who will love Him back! They’ll be easygoing with other believers, yet stern against the faithless, striving in Allah’s way and paying no mind to all the blame that accusers may heap upon them. That’s Allah’s favor, which He grants to whomsoever He wills, and Allah embraces all things and is full of knowledge. [54]

Your (true) closest allies are Allah, His Messenger and those who believe. They’re the ones who establish prayer, give in charity and who bow down (in sincere worship). [55]

Whoever turns towards Allah, His Messenger and the believers – that’s the fellowship of Allah – and they shall be victorious! [56]

All you who believe! Don’t take those who mock and belittle your way of life as best friends, whether from among those who received a scripture before you or from among those who reject (the truth). Be mindful of Allah if you’re true believers. [57]

When you announce your call to prayer, they mock and belittle it, for they’re a people who have no understanding. [58]

Say to them, “You Followers of Earlier Revelation, are you ridiculing us for no other reason than that we believe in Allah and in the revelation that came down to us, as well as in the revelations that came before us? (It may just be) that most of you are rebellious (against Allah).” [59]

Say to them, “Should I tell you about something worse than this (religion that you’re ridiculing), and for which Allah took (your ancestors) to task? Those who had Allah’s curse and wrath drawn over them, some of whom were like apes and pigs, and they were the servants of falsehood. They’re much worse in status and that much farther astray from the even path!” [60]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Background on Ayats 51–53

In his first days in Medina, the Prophet had concluded treaties of mutual security with the three Jewish tribes of the city. After some months it was learned that the Banu Qurayzah Jews were playing both sides of the fence, so to speak. While publicly appearing to be friendly with the Muslims, they had also invited a delegation of Meccan leaders to a secret summit in their fortress just outside Medina proper. A group of Muslim riders was sent out to turn the Meccan delegation back, while the senior companions debated what to do about this obvious betrayal. The Muslim patrol was unable to intercept the Meccans, and thus they got through. This particular passage concerns the case of two men who were present among the Muslims as they debated what to do, and it concerns their alliances with the Jews of Medina. The first man, ‘Ubadah ibn as-Samat, said, “Messenger of Allah, I have many Jewish allies. They appear to be ascendant, but I will turn to Allah and His Messenger and abandon the protection of the Jews. I will look for refuge in Allah and in His Messenger.” Then the hypocrite, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy, told Muhammad, “I’m a man who’s afraid that changing times might bring disaster down upon us. I will keep the Jews as my allies.” Muhammad replied, “O Father of Hibab, whatever protection you get from the Jews that exceeds what ‘Ubadah ibn as-Samat had is only for your own sake.” ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy answered, “Then I accept that.” Then these three verses were revealed. No action was taken against the Banu Qurayzah other than to warn Muslims not to get too close with them, as verse 51 suggests. (Asbab ul-Nuzul, Ma’ariful Qur’an)

Background on Ayat 55

‘Abdullah ibn Salam, the Jewish rabbi who converted to Islam, along with his family, went to the Prophet one day and said, “Messenger of Allah. Our house is far from here. We have no place to sit and talk, for our people, having seen us believing in Allah and His Messenger, have disowned us and pledged not to talk to us or marry with us, and we’re finding it hard on us.” This verse was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Background on Ayats 58–59

For a time, whenever the Muslim call to prayer was announced in Medina, some Jews made it a point to tease the Muslims on their way to the mosque by mocking the prayer positions and laughing. This passage was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Background on Ayat 60

A number of Jews went to Muhammad (Peace be upon him), and asked him in which prophets he believed. He began his reply by reciting verse 2:285, which mentions that Muslims must accept all true prophets from Allah When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) then mentioned that he believed in Jesus, the Jews rejected his answer saying, “We swear to Allah that we’ve never heard of a more unfortunate religion both in this life and in the afterlife than yours, and we don’t know any religion more evil than yours.” This verse was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Day Fifty One (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 131 — 140

All that is within the heavens and on the earth belongs to Allah. And so it was that. We directed those who received revelation before you that they should be mindful of Allah, just as We’ve also directed you (Muslims) to do likewise. If you reject (Him, just remember) that all things within the heavens and on the earth belong to Allah and that Allah is free of all needs and (is the only One) worthy of being praised. [131]

Again, everything in the heavens and on the earth belongs to Allah, and Allah is enough to take care of all affairs! [132]

If He ever wanted to, He could destroy all you people and create another species, because Allah has the power to do that. If anyone desires a reward in this life, (remember) that in Allah’s (hands) are the rewards [133] both of this life and of the next, and Allah hears and watches (over all things). [134]

All you who believe! Stand up firmly for justice as witnesses before Allah, and (be fair witnesses even if it’s) against your own selves, your parents or your relatives, as well. (Also, be fair), whether it’s (against) the rich or the poor, for Allah can best protect (the legitimate interests) of both sides. Don’t follow your own whims, for only then can you (judge) with fairness. If you distort (the truth) or fail to do justice, then know that Allah is well-informed of whatever you do. [135]

All you who believe! Believe in Allah and His Messenger and in the Book that He sent down to His Messenger, and believe in the books that He sent down to those who came before (your time, as well.) Whoever rejects Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers or the Last Day has made a huge mistake and gone far off into error. [136]

Those who believe, but who then suppress (their faith), then believe again, and then again suppress (their faith) – and go on increasing in their rejection, Allah won’t forgive them nor will He guide them on the path (of truth). [137]

Inform the hypocrites that there’s (nothing) for them to look forward to (in the next life other than) painful punishment. [138]

So those who take as their best friends (people) who’ve rejected (Allah) in preference to the believers – are they looking for high status among them? Yet, all high status belongs to Allah! [139]

He’s already sent down to you (the instructions) in the Book that when you hear the (revealed) verses of Allah being mocked and ridiculed, you’re not allowed to sit with (such people) until they turn to a different topic. If you did (stay there, while insults were being hurled against Allah’s revelations), then you would be no better than they. (Know that) Allah will collect the hypocrites and all those who suppressed (their faith, and He will throw them) all together into Hellfire. [140]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Day Forty Six (A Journey with Quran)

Surah An Nisa: Ayats 81 —- 90

They say, “We obey,” but when they leave you, a bunch of them brood through the night on the opposite of what you’ve taught them, though Allah is keeping a record of their nightly tirades, so steer clear of them. Place your reliance upon Allah, for Allah is enough to take care of things. [81]

Haven’t they considered the Qur’an with care? If it were from any other (source) besides Allah, then they would’ve found many matters of disagreement within it. [82]

Whenever the (hypocrites hear) rumors about safety or impending danger, they announce it publicly (without checking on it first). If they would only refer the matter to the Messenger or to the proper authorities among them, then investigators could check on the incidents with them. If it wasn’t for Allah’s grace and mercy towards you, all save for a few of you would’ve followed Satan. [83]

Fight in the cause of Allah, though you’re only responsible for your own self. Rally the believers. Allah will surely restrain the power of the faithless, for Allah is the strongest power and the strongest punisher. [84]

Whoever makes a recommendation in a good cause becomes a part of it. Whoever makes a recommendation in an evil cause shares responsibility in it. Allah has the power to direct all things. [85]

When someone gives you a greeting, reciprocate with a nicer greeting than that or one equally as nice, for Allah is keeping track of all things. [86]

Allah! There is no god but He. He’s going to gather you all together on the Day of Assembly, and there’s no doubt about that! Now whose word can be more honest than Allah’s? [87]

So what’s wrong with you that you’ve split into two groups (of opinion) about the hypocrites? Allah has thrown them by the wayside because of what they’ve earned. Do you want to try and guide one whom Allah has left astray? Whomever Allah leaves astray will never discover a way (out of darkness)! [88]

The (hypocrites) only want you to cover over (the truth of Allah in your hearts) like they’ve covered it over (in their hearts), for then you’ll be on the same level. So, don’t take best friends from among them until they migrate, for Allah’s sake, (to Medina). If they become rebels (and make war against you), then capture them or kill them (in battle) wherever you find them. Don’t take close allies or helpers from among them, [89] unless it’s with those who join a faction with which you have a treaty (of peace), or those who come to you with hearts that hold them back from fighting you – and fighting their own people! If Allah had wanted, He could’ve given them an advantage over you, and they would’ve fought you. If they stay back and don’t try to fight you and instead send you (offers) of peace, then Allah hasn’t given you any legitimate reason (to fight against them). [90]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Day Three (Journey with Quran)

There are three classes of people: Believers, the non believers, and the hypocrites. The following ayats 8-16 from Surah Baqarah are about the hypocrites.

8. Of the people there are some who say: “We believe in Allah and the Last Day” but they do not (really) believe.

9. Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe but they only deceive themselves and realize (it) not!

10. In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur) because they are false (to themselves).

11. When it is said to them: “Make not mischief on the earth” they say: “Why we only want to make peace!”

12. Of a surety they are the ones who make mischief but they realize (it) not.

13. When it is said to them: “Believe as the others believe” they say: “Shall we believe as the fools believe?” nay of a surety they are the fools but they do not know.

14. When they meet those who believe they say: “We believe” but when they are alone with their evil ones they say: “We are really with you we (were) only jesting.”

15. Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro).

16. These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless and they have lost true direction.

(Translation: Abdullah Yusuf Ali)