Tag Archives: Scriptures

Day Sixty One (A Journey with Quran)

I don’t really know the Arabic language, except for repetitive words, duas, prayers, or those Surahs (I have learnt by heart). Like those people who read the Quran with translation, and whose mother language is not Arabic, I daily read my copy of the Quran in Urdu language, though my mother tongue is Pushto.

A reader pointed out that that I’m not giving my own words (or thoughts) on the translation. Whereas the translation is explicit, what can I write beside it. The name of the translator is always at the end of the ten verses I copy.

My aim was (and is) to bring the Message of the Quran to those who have not read it. After all it’s addressed to all the people of the world.

Surah Al Maidah continues: Ayats 51–60.

All you who believe! Don’t take Jews and Christians as your closest allies, for they’re only the close allies of each other. Whoever among you turns to them (for alliances, in place of a believer,) is one of them, for Allah doesn’t guide corrupt people. [51]

Do you see those who have a sickness in their hearts? They run eagerly to them after exclaiming, “We’re afraid that changing times might bring disaster down upon us!” Allah will grant a victory or a decisive result, as He wills, and then they’ll be sorry for what they’ve been hiding within themselves. [52]

Then the believers will be the ones to say, “Are these (hypocrites) the same ones who swore their strongest oaths by Allah that they were on your side?” Whatever they do is of no use, and they’re going to be the ones who will lose. [53]

All you who believe! Whoever among you falls away (from following) his (Islamic) way of life should know that Allah will soon produce a people whom He will love – and who will love Him back! They’ll be easygoing with other believers, yet stern against the faithless, striving in Allah’s way and paying no mind to all the blame that accusers may heap upon them. That’s Allah’s favor, which He grants to whomsoever He wills, and Allah embraces all things and is full of knowledge. [54]

Your (true) closest allies are Allah, His Messenger and those who believe. They’re the ones who establish prayer, give in charity and who bow down (in sincere worship). [55]

Whoever turns towards Allah, His Messenger and the believers – that’s the fellowship of Allah – and they shall be victorious! [56]

All you who believe! Don’t take those who mock and belittle your way of life as best friends, whether from among those who received a scripture before you or from among those who reject (the truth). Be mindful of Allah if you’re true believers. [57]

When you announce your call to prayer, they mock and belittle it, for they’re a people who have no understanding. [58]

Say to them, “You Followers of Earlier Revelation, are you ridiculing us for no other reason than that we believe in Allah and in the revelation that came down to us, as well as in the revelations that came before us? (It may just be) that most of you are rebellious (against Allah).” [59]

Say to them, “Should I tell you about something worse than this (religion that you’re ridiculing), and for which Allah took (your ancestors) to task? Those who had Allah’s curse and wrath drawn over them, some of whom were like apes and pigs, and they were the servants of falsehood. They’re much worse in status and that much farther astray from the even path!” [60]

Translation: Yahiya Emerick

Background on Ayats 51–53

In his first days in Medina, the Prophet had concluded treaties of mutual security with the three Jewish tribes of the city. After some months it was learned that the Banu Qurayzah Jews were playing both sides of the fence, so to speak. While publicly appearing to be friendly with the Muslims, they had also invited a delegation of Meccan leaders to a secret summit in their fortress just outside Medina proper. A group of Muslim riders was sent out to turn the Meccan delegation back, while the senior companions debated what to do about this obvious betrayal. The Muslim patrol was unable to intercept the Meccans, and thus they got through. This particular passage concerns the case of two men who were present among the Muslims as they debated what to do, and it concerns their alliances with the Jews of Medina. The first man, ‘Ubadah ibn as-Samat, said, “Messenger of Allah, I have many Jewish allies. They appear to be ascendant, but I will turn to Allah and His Messenger and abandon the protection of the Jews. I will look for refuge in Allah and in His Messenger.” Then the hypocrite, ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy, told Muhammad, “I’m a man who’s afraid that changing times might bring disaster down upon us. I will keep the Jews as my allies.” Muhammad replied, “O Father of Hibab, whatever protection you get from the Jews that exceeds what ‘Ubadah ibn as-Samat had is only for your own sake.” ‘Abdullah ibn Ubayy answered, “Then I accept that.” Then these three verses were revealed. No action was taken against the Banu Qurayzah other than to warn Muslims not to get too close with them, as verse 51 suggests. (Asbab ul-Nuzul, Ma’ariful Qur’an)

Background on Ayat 55

‘Abdullah ibn Salam, the Jewish rabbi who converted to Islam, along with his family, went to the Prophet one day and said, “Messenger of Allah. Our house is far from here. We have no place to sit and talk, for our people, having seen us believing in Allah and His Messenger, have disowned us and pledged not to talk to us or marry with us, and we’re finding it hard on us.” This verse was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Background on Ayats 58–59

For a time, whenever the Muslim call to prayer was announced in Medina, some Jews made it a point to tease the Muslims on their way to the mosque by mocking the prayer positions and laughing. This passage was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)

Background on Ayat 60

A number of Jews went to Muhammad (Peace be upon him), and asked him in which prophets he believed. He began his reply by reciting verse 2:285, which mentions that Muslims must accept all true prophets from Allah When Muhammad (Peace be upon him) then mentioned that he believed in Jesus, the Jews rejected his answer saying, “We swear to Allah that we’ve never heard of a more unfortunate religion both in this life and in the afterlife than yours, and we don’t know any religion more evil than yours.” This verse was revealed in response. (Asbab ul-Nuzul)